Low-power long-range (LPWAN) solutions for IoT and M2M
Low-power long-range (LPWAN) solutions for IoT and M2M

NB-Fi has been approved as a National Standard

The Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart) has approved NB-Fi, the first national IoT standard developed by the RVC-based “Cyber Physical Systems” Technical Committee at the initiative of the IoT Association.

Following the recommendation of the RVC-based Technical Committee 194 “Cyber Physical Systems” the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology approved a preliminary national standard “Narrow-Band Radio Modulation Based Wireless Data Transmission Protocol (NB-Fi)”. The document will become effective April 2019.

waviot city

The NB-Fi (Narrow Band Fidelity) standard is Russia’s first approved standard for the Internet of Things (IoT). It is based on a fully Russian technology which enables the creation of wireless data exchange networks between multiple modems, on one side, and multiple base stations, on the other side, and has already proved applicable in large-scale projects.

“The approval of the first standard is a landmark for the IoT segment in Russia. Based on the Committee, we have managed to consolidate the interests of the industry’s representatives and create a window of opportunities for the boost market development. The next important step should be the NB-Fi promotion at the international level”, Alexander Povalko, General Director of RVC, commented. 

The standard is one of the LPWAN protocols designed for the transmission of small-volume data at long distances, and featuring simplicity and cheapness. Using the NB-Fi technology in devices ensures stable data transmission range of up to 10 km in dense urban conditions, and up to 30 km in rural areas.

NB-Fi devices could be manufactured using widespread electronic components which could easily be manufactured or purchased in every particular country. Russian company WAVIoT has already developed an NB-Fi transceiver that encapsulates the NB-Fi protocol at a physical layer.

The NB-Fi transceiver could be used in various countries, operating in license-free 430–500 MHz and 860–925 MHz frequency bands at 50 to 25,600 bps data rates. The NB-Fi transceiver allows for exceptional reception sensitivity and ultra-low power consumption without sophisticated antenna solutions.

NB-Fi standard will allow harmonizing data exchange principles in the IoT market and creating NB-Fi ecosystem for device manufacturers.

“The Technical Committee ‘Cyber Physical Systems’ has made a joint local breakthrough with the market players by offering one of the prospective IoT standards. It is also important that the very relevant format of a Preliminary National Standard was chosen for it, allowing for its wider testing and
follow-up control before it has gained the status of a finally approved perpetual National Standard”, Anton Shalaev, Deputy Head of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology, noted.

For the next three years, the Technical Committee “Cyber Physical Systems” will systematically monitor and assess the application of the approved preliminary standard which will make it possible to acquire the necessary practical experience of its market application before it has gained the status of a final National State Standard.

First of all, the Committee will monitor the NB-Fi projects pursued by the companies that initiated the development of the NB-Fi standard. The standard has already been used proactively in practice by market players, such as WAVIoT, which is known for its development of electricity and water meters with an automated wireless meter reading function for large-scale implementations of solutions related to the automation of data collection from utility meters.

“During the development of the national NB-Fi standard, we have taken into account a wide range of opinions of the expert and technological community. The draft document has undergone public discussion for three months and feedback was received from the key market players. At that, NB-Fi is not the only prospective IoT communications standard. The market has a room for at least several standards which can receive serious support of their development by formalizing as national standards. Further success of the promotion of each of them will depend on a number of factors: adaptability and regard to specific features of particular markets, equipment requirements, types of terminal devices, their deployment and operation costs, efficiency of communication network coverage, and the cost of base stations”, Nikita Utkin, Chairman of the Technical Committee “Cyber Physical Systems” believes. 

As estimated by IDC, the size of the Russian IoT market was USD 3.67 billion in 2018. Manufacturing and transportation take the lead in terms of investments in IoT. Experts forecast that the IoT market will grow by an average of 18% p.a. till 2022.

The Technical Committee “Cyber Physical Systems” and the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology are gathering information on the standard’s practical application. Such information, as well as remarks and suggestions in respect of the content of the standard shall be filed not later than 4 months before the expiration of its term to the Technical Committee “Cyber Physical Systems” at 1 Nobel Str., Skolkovo Innovation Center, Moscow, 121205, Russia.